Framing your research question

Question frameworks are used to help you turn your research question into the searches you will need for databases and search engines


CoCoPop is used to frame questions on the prevalence of a condition, disease, problem or symptom.

  • Which condition, disease, problem or symptom are you looking at?
  • When is this happening?
  • Where is this happening? (Geographical location, e.g. Australia / Service location, e.g. hospital)
  • How is your population defined? (e.g. age, gender, ethnic group …)


Reference: Munn Z, Stern C, Aromataris E, Lockwood, C., & Jordan, Z. (2018). What kind of systematic review should I conduct? A proposed typology and guidance for systematic reviewers in the medical and health sciences. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 18, 5. doi: 10.1186/s12874-017-0468-4 opens in a new window