Framing your research question

Question frameworks are used to help you turn your research question into the searches you will need for databases and search engines


PIFT is used to frame research questions on the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of products and processes.

Product or Process
  • Which product or process are you looking at?
  • Which impacts are you interested in assessing?
  • Which flows or economic sectors are involved?
Type(s) of lifecycle assessment
  • How are you assessing the life cycle of the product or process of interest?


Reference: Zumsteg, J. M., Cooper, J. S., & Noon, M. S. (2012). Systematic review checklist: A standardized technique for assessing and reporting reviews of life cycle assessment data. Designing Journal of Industrial Ecology, 16 (S1), S12-S21. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-9290.2012.00476.x opens in a new window