Referencing Performing Arts and Theatre Studies Resources

This guide is designed to help you reference specific Performing Arts, Theatre Studies and music formats for your assessment tasks.

Referencing Music Recordings/CDs with APA

Elements of a reference for a Music Recording

  1. Name(s) of Composer(s)/Lyricist(s) followed by Writer(s)/Director(s)
  2. Date of copyright in parenthesis ()
  3. Title of song [Recorded by (if available) artist if different from writer]
  4. On Title of album (italicised) [Medium of recording; CD, cassette etc.]
  5. Location: label Recording date if different from copyright date

 

Hints:

  • There are often many different cast recordings for musical theatre eg. Original Broadway Cast recording, London cast recording etc. This needs to be included to accurately identify the CD. If the performer of the song is not the composer, the citation needs to indicate the performer and the composer. See the Sondheim example below.
  • Often correct details for referencing items can be found on the Library Catalogue record.

 

Examples:

Bean, R.(Writer and Composer) (2008). The marvelous Wonderettes: Original off-broadway cast recording [CD]. Bronxville, NY: PS Classics.

Mussorgsky, M. P. (1994). Coronation scene from Boris Godunov [Edited by K. Marie Stolba] On Development of western music, Vol. 2, No. 4.[CD]. Madison, WI: Brown and Benchmark.

Sondheim, S. (Composer and Lyricist), Lapine, J. (Writer and Director). (1991). Into the woods: A new musical: Original London cast recording [CD]. New York: RCA Victor.
 

Sondheim, S. (Composer and Lyricist), Lapine, J. (Writer and Director). (2007). Into the woods: A new musical: New York City cast recording [CD]. New York: Masterworks Broadway.

 

Recording of a song by an artist if different from composer or writer:

Berlin, I. (2004). Alexander's Ragtime Band [Recorded by Ella Fitzgerald]. On Walk on by: Songs that inspired generations [CD]. Sydney, NSW, Australia: Australian Broadcasting Corporation.

Joplin, S. (1996). Gladiolus Rag [Recorded by Donna Coleman]. On Rags to riches: A syncopated century [CD]. Sydney, NSW, Australia: Australian Broadcasting Corporation.

Nicks, S. (Composer). (1977). Dreams [Recorded by Fleetwood Mac]. On Rumours [CD]. Burbank, CA: WB Records.

Sondheim, S. (Composer and Lyricist), Lapine, J. (Writer and Director). (2007). Last midnight [Recorded by Bernadette Peters]. On Into the Woods: A new musical: New York City cast recording [CD]. New York: Masterworks Broadway.

Vine, C. (1996). 5 bagatelles [Recorded by I. Munro]. On Mere bagatelles [CD]. Australia: Tall Poppies.

 

Rerecording by artist other than composer with different recording date:

Goodenough, J. B. (1982). Tails and trotters [Recorded by G. Bok, A. Mayo, & E. Trickett]. On And so will we yet [CD]. Sharon, CT; Folk- Legacy Records. (1990).

  • In text citations include side and band or track numbers. For example: "Tails and Trotters" (Goodenough, 1982, track 5).

Referencing DVDs/Music Video Recordings

Elements of references for Music DVDs and video recordings:

  1. Name of Producer(s) followed by (Producer)
  2. Name of Director(s)/Writer(s)/Composer(s) followed by (Director/Writer/Composer)
  3. Date of release in parenthesis (..)
  4. Composer, if this is important to identify the work Title (italicised) - immediately followed by video recording or DVD in [square brackets]
  5. Place of origin (followed by a colon):
  6. Studio producing the video/dvd

Hint: Often correct details for referencing items can be found on the Library Catalogue record.

 

Examples:

Brandman, M. (Executive Producer), Merlis, I. (Producer), & Lapine, J. (Director). (1990). Into the woods [DVD]. Chatsworth, CA: Brandman Productions Inc.

Burns, K. & Novick, L. (Producers), & Burns, K. (Director). (2000). Jazz. Episode One: Gumbo [DVD]. United States: PBS Home Video.

Clarke, P. (Executive Producer), & Appel, G. (DVD Producer). (2003). Love is in the air [DVD]. Australia: Australian Broadcasting Corporation.

De Paul, J. (Producer), & Greenburg, R. (Director). (1999). Gilbert, W.S. & Sullivan, A. The Mikado [Video recording]. Sydney, NSW, Australia: Roadshow Entertainment.

Mayo, M. (Producer), Trovato, S., & Wyatt, K. (Directors). (1989). Swing jazz [Video recording]. Seattle, WA: REH Video.

 

Recording of a song by an artist if different from composer or writer.

Brandman, M. (Executive Producer), Merlis, I. (Producer), & Lapine, J. (Director). (1990)., Sondheim, S. (Composer and Lyricist). Last midnight [Recorded by Bernadette Peters]. On Into the woods [DVD]. Chatsworth, CA: Brandman Productions Inc.

Clarke, P. (Executive Producer), & Appel, G. (Producer). (2003). I should be so lucky [Recorded by Kylie Minogue]. On Love is in the air [DVD]. Australia: Australian Broadcasting Corporation.