Referencing Performing Arts and Theatre Studies Resources

This guide is designed to help you reference specific Performing Arts, Theatre Studies and music formats for your assessment tasks.

Referencing music scores using APA

Elements of a reference for a Music Score

  1. Name(s) of composer(s)
  2. Date of publication in parenthesis ()
  3. Title of score (italicised)
  4. Medium: Score, Choral Score, Miniature Score, Orchestral Score in [square brackets]
  5. Place of publication, followed by a colon: Publisher

Hint: Often correct details for referencing items can be found on the Library Catalogue record.



Bean, R. (2009). The marvellous Wonderettes [Score]. Van Nuys: Alfred Publishing Co.

Joplin, S. (1974). The entertainer: A ragtime two step [Score]. London: Chappell.

Joplin, S. (1998). Complete rags for piano [Score]. New York: Schirmer.

Sondheim, S. (1987). Into the woods [Score]. New York: Warner Bros. Publications.

Stravinsky, I. (1975). Rite of spring [Score]. London: Hansen House.


Online Music Scores and sheet music

Campbell, Gertie (1920). Shirley: Jazz fox trot [Score]. Adelaide, SA, Australia: G. Campbell. Retrieved August 19, 2011, from opens in a new window

Gershwin, George (1927). Rhapsody in blue: piano solo [Score]. London, Sydney: Chappell & Co. Retrieved August 19, 2011, from opens in a new window


If the score is part of a collection or anthology:

Berlin, I. (2003). Alexander's Ragtime Band. In 100 years of popular music: 1900 [Score]. London: International Music Publications.

Whitfield, N., & Strong, B. (1966). I heard it through the grapevine [Score]. In Motown anthology (pp.98-104). Milkwaukee, WI: Hal Leonard.


If there is an editor the reference would be:

Porter, C. (1953). It's all right with me [Score]. In W. L. Simon (Ed.), Treasury of great show tunes (pp.104-110). Pleasantville, NY: Reader's Digest.