Referencing Performing Arts and Theatre Studies Resources

This guide is designed to help you reference specific Performing Arts, Theatre Studies and music formats for your assessment tasks.

Referencing Books using APA

Elements of a reference for a Book

  1. Name(s) of the Author(s)
  2. Date of publication in parenthesis ()
  3. Title of publication in italics
  4. Edition in parenthesis ()
  5. Place of publication followed by a colon:
  6. Publisher

Hint: Often correct details for referencing items can be found on the Library Catalogue record.



Berlin, E. A. (1995). King of ragtime: Scott Joplin and his era. New York: Oxford University Press.

Cameron, K. M., Gillespie, P. P., Hunter, J., & Patterson, J. (2008). The enjoyment of theatre (7th ed.). Boston: Pearson Education/Allyn and Bacon.

McCarthy, A. (1974). The dance band era: The dancing decades from ragtime to swing, 1910-1950. London, New York: Spring Books.

Schafer, W. J. (1973). The art of ragtime: Form and meaning of an original black American art. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.


Dictionary entries from Grove Music Online (Oxford Music Online)

Oxford Music Online is the new home for Grove Music Online and is included in the referencing details. Grove Music Online is an online dictionary providing links to other online music resources. It has many features similar to other online journal databases, however it is formatted as a dictionary. The URL needs to be added when referencing entries from Grove. As with many dictionaries, not all entries in Grove provide an author or a publication date and therefore can't be provided in the referencing.

Berlin, E. A. (n.d.). Joplin, Scott. In Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Retrieved June 24, 2009, from

Berlin, E. A. (n.d.). Ragtime. In Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Retrieved June 25, 2009, from