The law is the system of rules and regulations by which society functions efficiently and harmoniously. The legal system protects the rights and responsibilities of both individuals and groups, and ensures social and economic interactions are conducted smoothly and peacefully. Essentially, laws serve as the primary mediator of relations between people.
Every state and country has its own legal system. There are many different branches of law including corporate law, property and taxation law through to media, environmental health and international law. All types of law have far-reaching effects and help to shape politics, economics and society in numerous ways.
Contract law encompasses any laws or regulations directed toward enforcing certain promises. In Australia contract law is primarily regulated by the 'common law', but increasingly statutes are supplementing the common law of contract - particularly in relation to consumer protection.
The criminal law of Australia is generally administered by individual jurisdictions in the Commonwealth of Australia. These jurisdictions include the six states, the Commonwealth, and the self-governing territories. It is in large part a matter for the states, with only a small subset of criminal activities reserved for Commonwealth government to prosecute.
What is a tort?
"A civil right of action arising independently of contract, restitution, crime or equity. Torts serve to protect a person’s interest in his or her bodily security, tangible property, financial resources, or reputation. Unlawful interference with one of these interests is redressable by an action for damages and potential interference may be prevented by injunction. The law of torts aims to restore the injured person to the position he or she was in before the tort was committed."
Tort. (n.d.). In Encyclopaedic Australian Legal Dictionary. Retrieved from Lexis Nexis Australia.
"Administrative law is an area of law that you will need to rely on if you wish to challenge a decision or action of a government official, department or authority. Administrative law may also apply when the person whose decision you wish to challenge is not a government officer but is exercising "public power" (e.g. a power granted to a person by a statute). Decisions or actions governed by administrative law are called (in this chapter) "administrative decisions"."
Administrative Law. (2017). The Law Handbook 2018. Retrieved from http://www.lawhandbook.org.au/2018_12_02_01_challenging_administrative_decisions
Constitutional law is the body of law which defines the relationship of different entities within a state, namely, the executive, the legislature and the judiciary.
Here is a list of links to various websites. Please make sure to critically evaluate any information that you draw from these sources prior to using in any of your assessment tasks.